Signs That Your Pet May Have An Ear Infection

The ear infection (Otitis) is one of the most common conditions seen in general veterinary practices. It can range from mild to severe and is usually dependent on how far the infection extends into the ear canal. Below are some signs that may indicate that your pet has an ear infection: Head shaking Rubbing side of head along the floor Swollen pinna (ear flap) Reluctance to be touched around the ears – indicating pain Odor Redness Brown or yellow waxy discharge with odor Matting or loss of hair with crusting around the exterior of the ear or base of the ear Loss of balance and head tilt Unusual eye movements Floppy ears, excessive hair growth and overproduction of waxy (cerumen) in the ear canal provide the ideal environment to trap moisture and allow overgrowth of bacteria and yeast. Breeds that possess these traits are often predisposed to recurrent infections (e.g. Poodles, Labradors, Spaniels, Hounds). The most common causes are yeast, bacteria and mites. These organisms require moisture and warmth to multiply and the ear is the perfect incubator. Food allergies [...]

Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC): Its Signs and Treatment

Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC) in layman’s terms is inflammation of the bladder without a known cause. In the past, this syndrome has also been known as Feline Lower Urinary tract disease (FLUTD) or Feline Urologic Syndrome (FUS). This has caused confusion among pet owners – so lets dispel the myths and focus on what we know. This is a recurrent condition commonly found in younger cats, less than four years of age, and is manifested as one or more of the following signs: urinating outside the litter pan, voiding small volumes (pollakiuria), and often bloody urine (hematuria) accompanied by straining (strangiuria). Humans, who have experienced a urinary tract infection accompanied by cystitis can appreciate what the cat is feeling. FIC is not the only condition manifesting these signs, which only adds to bladder stones, tumors, infection, and partial or complete urethral obstruction (in males). Due to strictures, urethral plugs or stones may also have one or more of these signs. In reality less that 5% of young cats will have infections and less than 20% will have a urethral blockage [...]